Mutual cooperation among Muslims is also based on mutual responsibility towards each other. This concept of sharing responsibility is emphasized in Islam as the concept of Takaful. Takaful means solidarity, joint liability or responsibility. This concept proposes the protection agreed by Muslims to guarantee and help each other in cases of difficulty, insecurity or oppression. Although this concept seems similar to Ta’awun, it consists an element of empathy rather than sympathy. This concept of empathy, described by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), is that the “Believers are like one body; when any part of the body is in pain, it will cause the whole body to be painful” (Muslim). It means that sharing responsibility in Islam is not only accomplished physically, but also spiritually. The Quran has portrayed the practice of Takaful done by the Ansar as giving preference towards the Muhajirun over them. In this regard, the Prophet (SAW) said that the best charity is when someone gives something away although he is in need of it. Anas bin Malik (RA) narrated that the Muhajirun said to the Prophet (SAW) “O Allah’s Messenger, We have never met people like those whom we emigrated to; comforting us in time of scarcity and giving us with a good heart in times of abundance. They have sufficed for us and shared their wealth with us so much so, that we feared that they might earn the whole reward instead of us.” The Prophet (SAW) said, “No they won’t as long as you thanked them for what they did and invoked Allah for them”.
“The Quran has portrayed the practice of Takaful done by the Ansar as giving preference towards the Muhajirun over them. In this regard, the Prophet (SAW) said that the best charity is when someone gives something away although he is in need of it”.
The success of this kind of collective work also depends on the participation of every member of the society or organization. This concept of participation for Muslims struggling for the sake of Islam has been illustrated by the Quran as a firm and strong building. Another Hadith also stated that the relationship between a believer to another believer is like a building; its parts support each other. Regarding this, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) crossed his fingers together. In relation to that, Allah (SWT) cautions and warns the believers who prefer to stay in their house than going out for jihad and warns them of His punishment (Quran). Obviously, Al-Muhajirun are praised by Allah (SWT) than those who remain passive. It demonstrates that Muslims have to take part in every action which requires their involvement in collectiveness, be it physically or morally.