Morality defines Islam’s fundamental attitude towards life. This concept of the universe and of man’s place therein determines the real and ultimate goal which should be the object of all the endeavors of mankind and which may be termed briefly as “seeking the pleasure of God”. This is the standard by which a particular mode of conduct is judged and classified as good or bad. This standard of judgment provides the nucleus around which the whole moral conduct should revolve. Man is not left like a ship without moorings, being tossed about by the blows of wind and tides. This dispensation places a central object before mankind and lays down values and norms for all moral actions. It provides us with a stable and flawless set of values which remains unaltered under all circumstances. Moreover, with making the “pleasure of God” as the object of man’s life, a highest and noblest objective is set before humanity, and thus, unlimited possibilities are opened for man’s moral evolution, unstained at any stage by any shadow of narrow selfishness or bigoted race or nation worship. While providing a normal standard Islam also furnishes us with means of determining good and evil conduct.
The moral code of Islam covers the smallest details of domestic life as well as the broad aspects of national and international behavior.
It does not base our knowledge of vice and virtue on mere intellect, desire, intuition, or experience derived through the sense-organs, which constantly undergo shifts, modifications and alterations and do not provide definite, categorical and unchanging standards of morality. It provides us with a definite source, the Divine Revelation, as embodied in the holy Quran and the Sunnah way of life of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). This source prescribes a standard or moral conduct that is permanent and universal and holds good in every age and under all circumstances. The moral code of Islam covers the smallest details of domestic life as well as the broad aspects of national and international behavior. It guides us in every stage of life. These regulations imply the widest application of moral principles in the affairs of our life and make us free from exclusive dependence on any other source of knowledge, expect as an aid to this primary source.