Preschool is one of the most important periods in a child’s life. It can influence their social development. Lack of attention to this important life period can increase the risk of serious consequences to a child’s growth and development. The aim of this piece of writing is to examine the level of social skills in preschool children from teachers’ perspectives and investigate the relationship between social skills and the child’s environmental and cultural background. It was found that the majority of children had moderate skills in terms of cooperation, assertion, self-control, and total social skills. Also, a statistically significant association was reported between total social skill scores and the mother’s age, mother’s education level, mother’s job, family’s income, teacher teaching experiences, and number of children in each classroom. To improve children’s social skills, more attention should be paid to factors related to familial and socioeconomic status such as income, parents’ education level, and maternal age, teacher’s selection for this age group, and number of children in each classroom. Healthful youngsters produce the long run of any society. Consequently, there is a desire to concentrate to their fitness improvement technique and mental state. Getting social competencies can be a standard a part of psychological nation. Social skills and knowledge are discovered behaviors supported social policies and adjust humans to transport fittingly with others in society. Similarly supported every definition, social skills are outlined as an element of social competency and a general degree of the Popular of social conduct. Social abilities regulate mortals to broaden social relationships in numerous lifestyles degrees. Social skill and knowledge capabilities alter social version, produce and preserve present social relationships, associated have lengthy- and short. Educational group age can be a critical quantity for the occasion of social skills amongst youngsters. Therefore, the event of social skills allows children to form prospering relationships with others, enables with college readiness, and improves variation to the formal school placing similarly as educational performance.A scarcity of social competencies in kids consequences in feelings of loneliness, later intellectual and conduct problems, terrible interactions with their folks, teachers, and friends, and school personality disease. Therefore, it is needed to investigate establish social deficiencies to fashion interventions aiming at the improvement of their social abilities and nice of lifestyles, and variation to the surroundings at early ages. The evaluation of social abilities is performed through the measure of cooperation, assertion, and strength of mind. Exploration is essential in education, especially for young children. Promoting exploration at all ages can help students become more confident, independent, creative, and collaborative.
Important goals of preschool programs are to help children acquire social skills and learning related skills. Although beneficial for children, these programs are especially important for children in disadvantaged groups, guiding them towards healthier development and giving them the tools they need before school entry. Early childhood education programs can help develop learning-related skills, in particular self-regulation and executive functions. Instructional activities with academic content can promote self-regulation by encouraging children to verbalize plans and evaluate their performance, with self-talk functioning as a bridge between external and self-regulation. Modeling meta-cognition and self-regulation by the teacher, providing memory aids and stimulating the use of private speech can support the transition from other- to self-regulation.Allowing children choice and control of the level of challenge stimulates meta-cognitive awareness and meta-cognitive self-regulation. The use of collaborative play and problem solving activities, pretend play and socio-dramatic play promote self-regulation in young children. Existing programs can benefit from rules and routines that improve the social-emotional classroom climate. Training teachers to become more sensitive to children’s needs, to avoid negativity and to establish secure social relationships with children is also important. Explicitly addressing emotions, using stories with emotional content, providing emotion knowledge and demonstrating emotional self-regulation, improves emotional self-regulation. To conclude, the issue is not abandoning academic content that includes rich vocabulary, world knowledge, insights in physical phenomena and in human mental and emotional life. The issue is mostly about pedagogical approaches, the ways of conduct in the classroom, the quality of the social relationships, children’s choice of activities, the forms of interaction for children, and features and activities, such as pretend play, that specifically support memory, execute function and self-regulation development.
( The author is a teacher at Govt High School Brakpora Anantnag. Views are his own)