Six principles: An essence of Dawah of Tableegi Jammat

To understand the essence of Islam is to understand the very essence of humanity. More than a religion, Islam is a complete and comprehensive way of life leading to a balanced way of living. Islam brings civilization and happiness to man. Islamic principles and teachings can provide realistic, fair and objective solutions to the prevention of individual, social and international problems which are threatening the existence of human communities throughout the world. In Dawah the following six principles have to be followed : Kalimah (Declaration of faith), Salah (Prayer), Ilm-o-zikr (Knowledge), Ikraam-e-Muslim (Respect of Muslim), Ikhlas-e-Niyyat (Sincerity of intention), Dawat-o-Tableegh (Proselytizaton), social behaviour, strengthening the economic relations, establishing the social structure with human rights, developing of marital relationship, developing of righteousness in one’s own life, spiritual belief, morality and all kinds of Islamic valued behaviour to be developed among humans in a society. Such principles are quite successful and profitable for total human guidance or achieving coherence or developed among human beings in the diverse society. Both the individual and the society are in dire need of a belief -how to bring human values and ethos that accommodate and directs all their vital activities towards construction and growth of the society. When the individual and society adopts such a belief and applies it to life, humanity can accomplish seemingly miraculous achievements which can only occur when man unites himself with the eternal power that channels his
personality -potential in the right direction. History has shown that Islam is unique in its ability to provide guidance for the entire range of human activity. It does not separate spiritual and secular life as unrelated entities. Islam integrates all domains of human life, just like the different systems in the human body integrate to provide a complete human being. If one system does not work properly, it has got to affect the whole body. Likewise, Islam proposes systems of laws that integrate all parts of human society to bring happiness and peace to all its members.
There is no other way or system that urges the active worship of Allah in its general and most comprehensive sense other than Islam. Following the six principles strictly in Dawah work Islam teaches an individual how to acquire piety and self-discipline and to develop awareness of the needs and problems of others.
A very important universal concept in Islam is “Ummah” (Nation). Ummah transcends all limitations implied by the term ‘nation’ by encompassing all people regardless of race, colour, or sex with great emphasis on Ikram ( respect to whole humanity). This great Islamic principle has gathered all corners of the world with diverse society. Moreover, Islam has a unique understanding for the concept of Ummah. Ummah is the field for knowledge, ethics, government and positivism. Ummah in Islam is a system in which people integrate, even if they belong to different belief systems. It is a system of universal justice and peace that accommodates everyone who believes in freedom of thinking and in calling people to the truth-whether they are individuals or communities. Indeed, Ummah in Islam is an apparatus which is more advanced than that developed by the West, the UN, or those apparatuses established by the American-European block merely to
bring about a “new world order based on justice and equality”. Without this a disclaimer can be created which in reality often is geared only to maintain Western control over Third World human and material resources and shifting power and resources to particular part of the world. The Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, proposed a constitution for the city of Madinah during the first days of his emigration from Makkah. He, sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, included the rights of both Jews and Christians, thereby safeguarding their freedom and beliefs. History has never known a constitution that represented minorities as this constitution of the Islamic state did.
Ummah as an Islamic concept will, Allah willing, bring the advent of universal
peace as well as an internal social system. Ummah is the field-ground for civilization to take place. Such an Ummah can be integrated and united, if it derives its doctrines, constitutions, morals, values and the whole perspective of life from the same united source: belief in the only true Allah. This is known as the concept of Tawheed (Monotheism). The value systems of Western societies will continue to collapse, since they are built on shifting grounds. In Dawah work, Islam as purest religion is implemented in all spheres of life by applying all these six principles. May Allah let the Muslim World never forget that Islam provides a complete and comprehensive way of life. Islam creates harmony in the mind, the soul and the body in a marvelous way. The need for Islam emerges from the humanity’s search for a constitution that provides guidance and satisfaction in all spheres of life. It is a code of life that is not limited to partial needs, but rather a way of life that penetrates all barriers to interact with people’s needs in this life and
beyond. It is a way of life where there is no discrimination between what is sacred and what is secular. Islam is unique among the religions and civilizations the world has known. In contrast to the other religions of the world, Islam defines religion itself as the very business of life, the very matter of space-time, the very process of history, and the gift of Allah. Therefore, all these work together to constitute them. Islam is a divine guidance wherein humans of all nations, colours and tongues feel linked to a Supreme Power and Justice. Its teachings are kept intact and authentic. It is the only way to happiness, dignity, and universal peace. Islam is so unique in its method for solving the problems of humanity.
Some of the features of Islam: The world is not only densely populated but it is also saturated with different religions in various concepts. Everyone claims that he has a message to rescue the world and that he is the only one who is on the right path – each one asserting as if everybody owns the franchise to the
truth! Faced with such a fact, it is imperative upon us, as Muslims, to know the features of our religion. This is for us to determine our position, as well as, to properly conduct and guard ourselves against the other ones that may either be of divine roots such as Christianity and Judaism or of human origin like Buddhism and Hinduism. Otherwise, we will succumb to a plethora of religions. In Islam Dawah work along six principles has specific features, which distinguishes it from the rest. By understanding these features, we will hopefully realise its merits and Allah’s (God’s) kindness as He guides and immerses us towards Islam. Islam guarantees everyone that
1. It is a divine religion : Allah Says (what means): “ And indeed, (O Muhammad), you receive the Qur’an from one Wise and Knowing.” [Qur’an: 27:6] “Alif – Lam – Meem. (This is) the revelation of the Book about which
there is no doubt from the Lord of the worlds.” [Qur’an: 32:1-2]. So Islam, by this feature, is essentially distinguished from the other laws and ideologies whose
source is the human mind as opposed to Islam’s which is divine (“Godly”). This great difference should not be ignored nor taken for granted. While Islam is considered a divine revelation, it should be.
2. Perfect and devoid of insufficiency, ignorance and caprice,because it comes from Allah the Almighty, Whose perfection is complete and Who is infallible. Therefore, if the effect of Allah’s perfection is shown in His revealed commands, they should also be perfect.
3. Suitable, convenient and imbued with justice to everyone.
4. Highly respected and dignified by believers regardless of one’s social status and earthly power because such positions and influence cannot take them away from the submission to Almighty Allah.
5. It is comprehensive religion unlike human principles and ordered set of ideas is a comprehensive system for all lifeaffairs and human behaviour, as each aspect caters to its own field. So there are no spaces in human life which are apart from his religion and belief.
6. Islam includes the Jurisprudence of belief, such as faith in Allah and faith in the Last Day andJudgement which is sure to come.
7. It includes the Jurisprudence of morality, such as honesty and forbidden lie.
8. It includes the jurisprudential ruling of man’s relationship with his Lord, such as prayer and fasting.
9. It includes the regulations of man’s relationship with each other, such as the jurisprudential ruling of the family including the manner of dealing with them.
10. It is general another one of Islam’s excellent aspects is its generality or applicability to all human beings. It was not sent solely to a specific group or special race. Almighty Allah Says (what means): “And We have not sent you except comprehensively to mankind as a bringer of good tidings and a
warner…” [Qur’an: 34:28]. “Say, (O Muhammad), ‘O mankind! Indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all…’” [Qur’an: 7:158].
11. Islam sets up rewards as well as punishment for our deeds.
The jurisprudential rulings of Islam are not just abstract pieces of advice or instructions that have no bearing for reward or punishment. On the contrary, it offers good reward for the obedient ones and punishment for the transgressors and violators of its law. Moreover, there are inherent degrees of reward and punishment in it.
It is common knowledge that the punishment and rewards are meted out in the Last Day of Judgment but in some cases, the earthly penalty shares in the Day of Judgment’s penalty by applying punishment to the people who violate the jurisprudential rulings of Islam in such cases as murder, theft and adultery. This special feature of punishment and reward for deeds obliges Muslims to submit willfully, whether in secret or open, to the jurisprudential rulings of Islam. Muslims avoid the forbidden deeds not only because of respect to and shame from Allah, but also out of fear for Allah’s punishment on the Day of Judgment. Allah Says (what means): “ The Day every soul will find what it has done of good present (before it) and what it has done of evil, it will wish between itself and that (evil) was a great distance…” [Qur’an: 3:30]. So Muslims may escape from people that they have wronged while in this life, but they will always be held accountable for it causing them to fear Allah’s punishment on the Day of Judgment. Furthermore, we believe that only Allah is to be worshipped. The core of Islam is wrapped in the message of ‘Laa ilaaha illAllah’: There is no god worthy of worship except Allah. This means, in other words, that we turn away not only from idols of wood and stone, but also the idols. “The concept of Dawah work in Tableegi Jammat manifested with six principles has spread at fast rate and doesn’t leave any stone unturned but it has enough field to cover”.

(The author a research scholar from Kuchmulla Tral area of South Kashmir’s Pulwama district writes regularly on social and religious issues. Views are his own)


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