Languages and daughters are not indebted to any frontier, those who embrace them with love, belong to them. Urdu is the language of love and believers. Urdu is one of the standard languages of the subcontinent & is the official language of six Indian states. According to the Constitution of India, it has been included in 222 official identification languages. According to the 2001 census, Urdu as the mother tongue is spoken by 5.011% of the people in India and in this respect it is the sixth largest language in India. Mother tongue is used by 7.59% people. Urdu is wrongly being attributed as associated with Muslim population of India. Apart from a few vocabulary, the language is understandable from standard Hindi, which is attributed to the Hindus of the region. The British rulers introduced it as an official language in 1846 in northern India and in Jammu and Kashmir and in 1849 in Punjab instead of Persian. In addition, the Gulf, European, Asian and American regions are home to a large number of Urdu speakers, mainly Urdu migrants from South Asia. According to the 1999 census, the total number of speakers of Urdu language was around 106 million. In that sense, it is the ninth largest language in the world. Urdu is sometimes compared to Hindi. The main difference between Urdu and Hindi is that Urdu is written in Nasta’liq script and uses Arabic and Persian words. Hindi is written in Devanagari script and uses more Sanskrit words. Some linguists consider Urdu and Hindi as two standard forms of the same language. However, other experts distinguish between the two on the basis of linguistic differences. The fact is that Hindi is derived from Urdu. Similarly, if Urdu and Hindi are considered as one, then it is the fourth largest language in the world. Despite being one of the new languages of the world, Urdu has a standard and extensive collection of literature. Especially in South Asian languages, Urdu is known for its poetry.Urdu is a kind of Indian language like Hindi. It is a council language that is considered the basis of many existing languages
In the British Rule , Indian was written in Persian script instead of Persian and both Hindus and Muslims followed i. From the thirteenth to the eighteenth century, Urdu was commonly referred to as Hindvi . Similarly, there were many other names of this language like Hindu, Rekhta or Dehlavi. Urdu remained a regional language in the same way and then in 1837 it was given the status of official language along with English instead of Persian. The Urdu language was developed by the British during the British rule to reduce the importance of Persian. This led to a movement among the Hindus of Northeast India that the language should be written in the local Devanagari script instead of the Persian script. As a result, a new type of Indian, Hindi, was invented and replaced the Indian one introduced in Bihar in 1881. Thus Urdu is Senior to Hindi in existence. Due to the similarity of Urdu with Hindi, speakers of both languages can generally understand each other. In fact, linguists consider these two languages to be part of the same language. However, they differ economically and politically. People who consider Urdu as their mother tongue do not recognize Hindi as their mother tongue and similarly its vice versa. The fact is that people cannot survive without Urdu. Other languages does not have the ability to be made the language of the common people. Many Hindi words are not even understood by Hindi speakers themselves. Therefore, they have to resort to Urdu to communicate with each other because Urdu words are simple and common sense which are very easy to understand and speak. India’s film industry, which is one of the largest film industries in the world and where billions of rupees are made every year. Even there, Urdu is spoken everywhere. The dialogues and songs of the films are all in Urdu language. A few Hindi words are used in the dialogues but only 100% Urdu language is used in the songs.In India. Urdu is the official language of the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Delhi. It is also widely spoken in states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab and Rajasthan. The Indian state of West Bengal has also given Urdu the status of second official language. In India. The language now has a free and independent status. And there are those who speak and understand it in many parts of the world. The inner strength of this language is that it is eloquent and flexible and its style is also unique in eloquence and eloquence. Despite being an important language of the subcontinent, its history is shrouded in mystery. Some researchers have studied the language in a systematic way, in the rules and regulations of linguistics, and have tried to arrive at a conclusion in a scientific way but some writers did not examine the issue in more depth. Being the largest and most developed languages in the world, it has the ability and tradition to absorb other languages and civilizations. It was this temperament that made it the vernacular language and for a time remained the only language of offices in the Indo-Pak subcontinent, and in almost every major city in the world, Urdu has become the language of communication after English. Contemporary literary scholars and pioneers of Urdu language and literature are constantly emphasizing that Urdu is still in its infancy, and are constantly on the lookout for a better future. The decade of Urdu status is also being given, in addition to this, politicians are chanting the ode of Urdu being a civilized language, and also praising the cultural affairs of Urdu. One of the shortcomings of the speakers of this language was that they limited this language to art and literature. In addition, in the Mumbai film world, Muslims were generally ridiculed for their Urdu language. The image that was painted of the Urdu language and Muslim culture also created suspicion. Qawwali, Majra and Mushaira became the hallmarks of this language. Thus, Urdu was not considered a common language in independent India. The government also benefited from its treasury savings. India is a multi-lingual country, where numerous regional languages and dialects are spoken, and each language dialect is considered to be the identity of its limited region and area. In this multitude of languages and dialects, there are also several languages Going beyond the realm, they are busy trying to double their identity at the national level, and their admirers are busy giving a new dimension to their language with their sincerity and passion. It has to be said that some states of India have shown generosity by giving Urdu the status of second language. Such questions are now meaningless, as the constitutions of some states have given the language the status of a second language, but governments have limited its scope to the paper level only. And even if government policies are mentioned in the development work of Urdu, government agencies are not as diligent in promoting Urdu as other languages spoken in India, given the current political and social situation in India. Seen as the language of the nation, nurtured and nurtured in the shadow of hatred, it cannot be claimed that high-ranking officials have a soft spot for Urdu in their hearts, or whatever the occasion. Other languages of India are given, Urdu is also given. The entire Urdu nation is well aware of these horrible facts, realizing that Urdu is constantly falling prey to conspiracies, obstacles are being put in its way day by day, its path of development is being blocked day by day. ۔ As far as giving Urdu the status of “second language” is concerned, it is just a dream pill, intoxicated by which the Urdu-speaking class cannot stay for long. It is a pity that this is the sweetest language of India which has been claiming not only from today but from the time of its leavening, not only on its own but also on the other side, but still the enemies of Urdu are behind it. Dagger-piercing feats have also been performed well. The greatest tragedy of this language is that even in these circumstances, the people who hold high positions in Urdu, and the people like Afsar Shah, who are full of love for it, do not give up their lofty claims, and They are constantly trying to cover up the facts that they had to expose. With their beautiful and high-pitched sentences, they continue to take the Urdu-speaking class on a tour of the deceptive valleys. Even in these circumstances, such people are considered as lovers and leaders of Urdu. Aren’t such people harming Urdu with their hypocritical tricks? This issue needs discussion. From here, the debate arises as to what is the identity of Urdu language in the present era? As a secular language or the language of a particular nation? In the days to come, newspaper clippings, articles, speeches of unscrupulous officials, speeches of the country’s politicians, and other well-wishers of Urdu are constantly asserting that Urdu was, is and will remain a secular language. The death of Urdu has been announced before, but the language is as sweet as it is sweet, as hard as it is alive, because it is still breathing despite the lack of resources, turning a blind eye to innumerable difficulties. Some observers believe that the development of languages is driven by passion rather than by means of employment, but for Urdu these two things are nominal, the means of employment are shrinking, and the lack of enthusiasm continues. Yes, in spite of this, Urdu is alive, and it is perfuming innumerable minds with its fragrances all over the world.
In this context, it can be said that Urdu may not be developed, but it is alive. It is another matter that Urdu is constantly battling many deadly and dangerous diseases, the most important of which is hypocrisy and sectarianism, which itself It is present in the members of our own family. Today, language is the target. If we do not stand up for progress, our condition will be like that of a dead nation that has damaged its own dignity with its own hands, so we have to restore its lost dignity and brighten its horizons. They will be entitled to be called Urdu speakers. In our time, the rights of Urdu have been severely affected. The ground realities are that the use of Urdu at the governmental and educational levels has been completely restricted. When we demand the restoration of these rights of Urdu, we want the protection of the mother tongue of millions of people in this country and the restoration of these free use in educational institutions and offices at all levels that give them historical, moral and legal rights. As always, but have been extraordinarily trampled on over the last fifty years. We clearly want the free use of Urdu at the governmental and educational levels in both majority and minority Urdu-speaking areas. In any case, we want to give our children an early education in their mother tongue. After that, they want the right to read Urdu as at least one language at every level and to establish Urdu medium institutions at every level. This is the right that all other languages of the country have in this country and which we used to have but now it is being violated and there is no good reason for this injustice. Therefore, it is our duty to make Urdu its place in the Indian education system and to raise voice for appropriate changes in the public education system and to make efforts to implement the right to use Urdu in government and non-government institutions and to run peaceful democratic campaigns. Is. However, despite our follow-up, the restoration of our linguistic rights is being delayed. In view of this situation, it is important for us to understand the point that the restoration of the rights of Urdu is closely related to all the things that have been stated in the program under review. Achieving the objectives of this program can facilitate the restoration of Urdu rights. Do what needs to be done first. If you are unsure whether to tie a camel or not, trust will not suffice, so we suggest that both work but first tie your camel then trustAlthough Urdu originated in northern India and grew up in the Deccan, it is unfortunate that in these two areas, Urdu does not have the status it deserves today.
Knowledge irrespective of religion and nationality is achieved by obtaining higher degrees from Urdu University and other universities outside Kashmir. The people here do love Urdu language.
Scenario of Urdu in Jammu & Kashmir: Among the Indian states, Jammu and Kashmir was a Muslim-majority state, and it is generally believed that this is why Urdu flourished here, but the fact is that the Hindus here also flourished it. This is an achievement of the province of Kashmir which is reminiscent of its golden age with the early evolution of Urdu in which all nations, irrespective of religion and nationality, participated in its liberation. In fact, languages and civilizations They do not have a specific class or area of land, which is probably why they do not thrive in a mystical society. The reason why Urdu lags behind in its hometowns is that it has been declared the language of a certain class, while on the contrary, the people of Kashmir have adopted it without any discrimination, so it is still at a high level. It can be inferred that this is the only state in the country whose official language is Urdu. Urdu has been popular here in every era. When the Rajas and Maharajas heard the echo of Urdu language in Jammu and Kashmir, they immediately gave it the status of official language.
When Maharaja Pratap Singh ascended the throne , he abandoned Persian and English and made Urdu the official language. If we look at the history, it will be known that it was during the Dogra rule that Urdu got a golden opportunity to gain a foothold in Kashmir. Due to the popularity of Urdu in the government in Kashmir, the tendency of the people towards it increased. In the present era, Kashmir stands where it really represents Urdu. One of the important means of flourishing and flourishing Urdu language in Kashmir is that Kashmiri language and Urdu language alphabets are the same so Kashmiri speakers find Urdu language close to them and along with Kashmiri here Urdu is also a favorite language. The Kashmiri people embraced the Urdu language and began to refine and refine it, until Kashmiris produced many Urdu scholars and writers. We have produced thousands of Urdu Scholars from our renowned Universities Kashmir & Jammu. Held international Seminars, organised conferences but could not provide it’s real Space. In Kashmir, Urdu has been viewed with respect in every era. Even during the reign of Hindu Maharajas, Urdu remained the language of justice here, which is still prevalent today. Whatever the language, its survival and development can be assured at that time When its fans want to keep it alive at all costs and Urdu language is proud in Kashmir that its fans here want it wholeheartedly even though Urdu language originated in the suburbs around Delhi. But it was embraced by the Kashmiri people. In terms of language, Urdu is our link language which is the source of correspondence between us and other regions. Instead of directly attacking the official language here, the government has given the status of official language to four more languages as part of a conspiracy. No one has any objection for adoption but Urdu should be given priority over these languages. The government should understand that our revenue and police records have been written in the same language for three centuries and it will take a thousand years to change it. Therefore, it was necessary to try to preserve and preserve this language and not to harm it. Our record rooms (Mohafiz Khanas ) law offices, secretariate proceedings are all preserved in this language. The future of Urdu may be in other states of India no matter what, but its flag will always be high in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The number of Urdu admirers is increasing day by day here. Knowledge irrespective of religion and nationality is achieved by obtaining higher degrees from Urdu University and other universities outside Kashmir. The people here do love Urdu language.
(Author is a freelancer. Views are exclusively his own) [email protected]